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Contiguity Effects

Ideas that need to be associated should be presented contiguously in space and time in the multimedia learning environment. For example, the verbal label for a picture needs to be placed spatially near the picture on the display, not on the other side of the screen. An explanation of an event should be given when the event is depicted rather than many minutes, hours, or days later.
  • Implications
    • Design the learning materials and lesson plans so that elements and ideas that need to be related are presented near each other in space and time.
  • References
    • Mayer, R. E. (2001). Multimedia learning. NY: Cambridge University Press.