Stories and other forms of narrative are easier to read, comprehend, and remember than other types of learning materials. For many millennia, the primary way of passing wisdom down from generation to generation was through stories. Stories have concrete characters, objects, locations, plot, themes, emotions, and actions that bear some similarity to everyday experiences. Many stories also convey a point or moral that can be generalized to many situations. Example cases in a story-like format are persuasive, easy to comprehend, and very memorable.
- Teachers and learning environments should capture the important content in stories and example cases, which are comparatively easy to comprehend and remember.
- Bower, G.H., & Clark, M.C. (1969). Narrative stories as mediators for serial learning. Psychonomic Science, 14, 181-182.
- Graesser, A. C., Olde, B., and Klettke, B. (2002). How does the mind construct and represent stories? In M. C. Green, J. J. Strange, & T. C. Brock (Eds.), Narrative Impact: Social and Cognitive Foundations (231-263). Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Haberlandt, K., & Graesser, A. C. (1985). Component processes in text comprehension and some of their interactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 114, 357-374.